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Obsidian

HISTORICAL INFORMATION

Obsidian is a naturally occurring volcanic glass formed as an extrusive igneous rock.

It is produced when felsic lava extruded from a volcano cools rapidly with minimum crystal growth. Obsidian is commonly found
within the margins of rhyolitic lava flows known as obsidian flows, where the chemical composition (high silica content) induces a
high viscosity and polymerization degree of the lava. The inhibition of atomic diffusion through this highly viscous and
polymerized lava explains the lack of crystal growth. Because of this lack of crystal structure, obsidian blade edges can reach almost
molecular thinness, leading to its ancient use as projectile points and blades, and its modern use as surgical scalpel blades.

Obsidian was valued in Stone Age cultures because, like flint, it could be fractured to produce sharp blades or arrowheads. Like all
glass and some other types of naturally occurring rocks, obsidian breaks with a characteristic conchoidal fracture. It was also
polished to create early mirrors.

Modern archaeologists have developed a relative dating system, obsidian hydration dating, to calculate the age of obsidian artifacts.

Astrological : Sagittarius

METAPHYSICAL PROPERTIES

Obsidian is actually natural glass that is formed when hot lava is submerged in water. This is a strong grounding stone and is known
as "the protector". It is said to "mirror one's soul. This stone brings about objectivity, dis-attachment and is grounding. It reduces
fantasy and escapism. Absorbs and dissolves anger, criticism, fear, and therefore is protective.

This unusual black Obsidian absorbs darkness and converts it to white light energy. It is a warm and friendly stone, which is used
at the Root Chakra, encouraging ones survival instincts and is grounding.  More specifically :

Black Obsidian is an extremely powerful and fast acting stone, and should be used with caution for Crystal Healing. It can bring
negative emotions and unpleasant truths rushing to the surface, which have to be confronted before peace can return. Many people
find Obsidian’s effects overwhelming and prefer to use a gentler stone. Black Obsidian is a very protective stone. It is said to form
a shield against negativity and to absorb negative energies from the environment. Because of this it should be cleansed regularly
in running water.

Gold-Sheen Obsidian is Black Obsidian with bright, gold coloured inclusions. Obsidian is formed when volcanic lava cools very
quickly. Like all Obsidian, Gold-Sheen Obsidian is a very protective stone. It is said to form a shield against negativity, to absorb
negative energies from the environment and to block psychic attack. In addition Gold-Sheen Obsidian is a useful stone for scrying,
or for seeing into the future. It can also take you deep into the core of a problem by helping you to connect to the past, present and
future. Gold-Sheen Obsidian can eliminate feelings of futility and ego-conflict allowing you to find your correct spiritual path. 
Gold Sheen Obsidian can be used to balance and clear the Third Eye and the Solar Plexus Chakras. Used during crystal healing
Gold-Sheen Obsidian can give insight into the crystals needed to achieve the healing process and can help balance energy fields.

Silver-Sheen Obsidian is Black Obsidian with bright silver, coloured inclusions. Obsidian is formed when volcanic lava cools very
quickly. Like all Obsidians, Silver-Sheen Obsidian is a very protective stone. It is said to form a shield against negativity, to absorb
negative energies from the environment and to block psychic attack. In addition Silver-Sheen Obsidian encourages perseverance
and patience. It can be used to enhance meditation and to help retain a connection to the physical body during astral projection. 
Silver-Sheen Obsidian can be used to balance and clear the Third Eye Chakra.

Mahogany Obsidian will create a feeling of sexiness and more confidence and feeling of ease with one's own sexuality.  It will also
encourage positive decision making, and has been known to assist in the healing of gums and other tissues in the body.

Rainbow Obsidian balances and stabilizes energy.  This is a good stone to help calm fears, especially when dealing with an
abusive situation, as it aids in balancing mental distress.

Snowflake Obsidian has a restful and serene energy helping to bring peace and balance to the mind and body. Snowflake Obsidian
encourages inner reflection making us aware of negative patterns of thought and unhealthy patterns of behaviour and giving us the
chance to change them. It is also believed to help shield the wearer from negativity and grief.

HEALING PROPERTIES

Obsidian helps ailments of the stomach and intestines, it is a powerful healing stone but only for some.  It is also said to improve
ones vision.

Physically it benefits the stomach, intestines, muscle tissue, and can rid one of bacterial or viral infections. It sharpens and focuses
internal and external vision, and helps get in touch with buried issues before they explode.

Black Obsidian is believed to reduce the pain of arthritis, to help joint problems and to ease cramp. It is also said to aid digestion.

Snowflake Obsidian is believed to improve the circulation and to benefit the skin and veins.