The name sapphire is derived from the Latin word ““saphirus” and the Greek word “sapheiros,” both meaning blue. Some believe that the name sapphire is derived from its association with the planet Saturn. The name can be roughly be translated to mean “dear to the planet Saturn” in many different languages.
There is an ancient Persian myth which tells of a giant blue sapphire that Mother Earth rests upon, and that the sky is the reflection of this titan blue crystal. As you can see, sapphire, like its twin corundum, ruby, has etched a place in history, atop the crowns of kings and glorified in legend.
Sapphire is a member of the corundum family and is the second hardest gemstone after diamond.
It is the sister stone of ruby which is also a corundum.
Sapphire is actually broken into two groups, one referred to simply as Sapphire, which is made up of the blue stones, and Fancy Sapphire which is any sapphire not blue or red (ruby).
The finest quality blue Sapphires come from Kashmir and Mogok, Burma with a color that is deep, intense and velvety. These Sapphires are rarely seen in the market and when they are, they are very, very expensive. Today Sri Lankan Sapphires are the most common.
Purple Sapphire is rare, its color coming from iron and titanium impurities within the stone.
Yellow sapphire is on the lighter side and heat can be used to produce more intense yellowish-brown stones while beryllium-treated stones may be a brilliant yellow. Until the end of the 19th century, yellow sapphire was called oriental topaz.
Padparadscha is the Sinhalese word meaning “lotus flower” and this very rare Sapphire color exhibits both a pink and orange color simultaneously, often times being called peachy-pink. Color, brilliance, size and clarity will determine the value of these rare stones. A true Padparadscha will always have a hint of pink.
Natural unheated Padparadscha Sapphires are so rare that they sell for $5,000 a carat or more.
These stones are rarely seen, more common are pink or orange sapphires that have been treated with beryllium to look something like the Padparadscha color. Usually the color is too saturated or the tone too dark to look like a genuine Padparadscha.
If you love the color Padparadscha color, you may wish to consider tourmaline. Many pink tourmalines have a delicate touch of orange or yellow.
Large sapphires are rare and attract fame. The largest star sapphire is the Star of India weighing in at 536 carats. Discovered about three hundred years ago in Sri Lanka, the gem was donated to the American Museum of Natural History by J.P. Morgan.
The 423 carat Logan Sapphire is displayed in the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History and is the largest faceted sapphire on public display. It is an egg-sized, cushion cut stone from Sri Lanka set in a brooch surrounded by 16 carats of diamonds and was donated by Mrs. John A. Logan to the Smithsonian Institute in 1960.
The British Crown Jewels contain two famous Sapphires; the St Edward’s and the Stuart Sapphire (104 carats).
Astrological : Blue sapphire is linked to Gemini, light-blue to Taurus, yellow to Leo, star sapphire to Libra , black sapphire to Sagittarius, white sapphire to Libra, indigo sapphire to Sagittarius and green sapphire to Gemini and Libra.
Birthstone for the Month : September
Sapphire is known as the "wisdom stone", each colour of Sapphire brings its own particular wisdom. It releases mental tension, depression, unwanted thoughts and spiritual confusion.
Sapphire is a stone of creative expression, intuition, and meditation, and enhances all those things.
Sapphire is corundum, and comes in virtually any color of the rainbow including blue, pink, purple, orange (Padparadsha), yellow, green, colorless, and red (known as ruby).
Sapphire is beneficial for mental clarity and depression. Sapphire is primarily associated with the brow chakra. Various colors of Sapphire have properties in addition to the general sapphire properties.
Historically a star sapphire was used as protection from the evil eye In Europe it was used to reflect harmful or evil spells back to the sender.
Magicians were sapphire by known to utilize the gemstones to enhance and direct their magical powers.
Alchemists long ago associated the sapphire with the element of air, and India considered it to be the stone of Saturn, and believed it to be a portal to the heavenly realms.
Sapphires can be used to open yourself up to receive heavenly messages, and aid you in clarifying just what the information you receive means to you.
Sapphire gemstone used during meditation can help you find your hidden potential, and sharpen the vision of your life's work, it will help you to clear a mental path so you can begin your journey.
Sapphires can help work with you to achieve your material dreams and desires, as well as sustain your wealth once it is acquired.
Sapphire gem will also be of assistance in keeping a balanced perspective, allowing you to better organize your thought processes, ensuring continued success as your material situation evolves.
Sapphire will also promote fair play and loyalty amongst partners and employees, as well as bring about correct conclusions to potentially unjust situations, if you are in the right.
Placing Sapphire on the throat can support self-expression and release frustration. This makes Sapphire a useful stone for those who have to speak in public.
The yellow sapphire is a wonderful and gentle too for working through leftover wounds of childhood abuse. It provides a protective golden shield during the healing process and allows for safe expression of the words needed to release the pain.
In addition to the generic healing properties of Sapphire, specific colours have additional attributes:
The Blue Sapphire is traditionally associated with purity and love. It assists you to stay on the spiritual path, releasing blockages and providing strength. Blue Sapphire facilitates self-expression, assisting in communication and expressing your truth and beliefs. It opens and heals the thyroid and the throat chakra and has a calming and balancing effect on the nervous system.
Star Sapphire is recommended for people who wish to awaken or heighten their psychic abilities. Works as a relaxing agent during times of extreme physical exertion. Healers of the spirit and and body are often drawn to this stone.
Yellow Sapphire attracts wealth and brings prosperity to the home. It stimulates the intellect and improves overall focus, enhancing wisdom. Yellow Sapphire assists in bringing fulfillment of ambition. It aids in eliminating impurities from the body and stimulating the lymphatic system. Treats liver and gallbladder problems as well as disorders of the spleen and stomach.
Black Sapphire provides centring, protection and grounding. It helps you to achieve confidence in your own intuition.
Pink Sapphire clears emotional blockages bringing peace and unconditional love.
White Sapphire is extremely protective, removing all obstacles and helpfully encouraging the pursuit of one's life purpose. It provides focus and supports morality and justice.
Indigo Sapphire enhances psychic awareness. It eliminates negative energies from the aura.
Green Sapphire is known as the "stone of fidelity", stimulating the heart chakra and bringing loyalty and integrity. It improves internal and external vision and helps you to remember dreams.
Sapphire restores balance within the body, aligning the physical, mental and spiritual planes, bringing serenity and peace of mind.
Sapphire stimulates concentration, brings lightness, joy and peace of mind.
Sapphire is also known as a "stone of prosperity", attracting gifts of all kinds and fulfilling dreams and desires.
Sapphire is the most effective healing stone for the nervous system. Sapphire it told to regulate the function of the thyroid gland and is therefore quite useful as a remedy for lack of appetite and nervous heart trouble.
In the far East, Sapphire was used as protection against the plague. On a psychological level, Sapphire gives the patient focus and instills the intent to get well, which in turn assists healing in all levels of the body.
The Sapphire may also aid in strengthening the walls of your blood vessels and stop nose bleeds.
The green and blue Sapphire crystals are especially helpful in healing energies. Green Sapphire possess a strong restorative energy that comes from its connection to Mother Earth.
Physically Sapphire is good for lowering fevers and inflammation, hearing problems, cancer, and burns.
In healing sapphire is believed to treat blood disorders and to soothe the eyes. Sapphire is also thought to calm overactive body systems and to regulate the glands.